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How to Start a Business in Montana

starting a business in montana

Welcome to the land of breathtaking landscapes and boundless entrepreneurial opportunities – Montana! If you’ve been dreaming of starting your own business, Treasure State might just be the perfect place to turn that dream into reality. With its rugged charm and vibrant communities, Montana offers a unique blend of supportive business environments, low taxes, and an abundance of resources that make it an attractive destination for budding entrepreneurs. In this article, we’ll explore the key factors that make Montana an ideal location to set up a small business, and we’ll delve into the various opportunities and advantages that await those daring enough to embark on their entrepreneurial journey in this majestic state.

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Why Montana is an Ideal Place to Start a Small Business

Montana boasts a thriving business climate that embraces innovation and entrepreneurship. The state government actively supports small businesses through various incentive programs, grants, and tax credits, fostering a welcoming environment for startups to flourish. Additionally, Montana’s close-knit communities encourage networking and collaboration, creating a strong sense of camaraderie among entrepreneurs.

For aspiring business owners, Montana’s business-friendly tax policies are a major draw. With no sales tax and relatively low property taxes, entrepreneurs can keep more of their hard-earned revenue. Moreover, the state’s overall low cost of living and affordable real estate present considerable advantages for entrepreneurs looking to establish their businesses without breaking the bank. Whether you’re starting a tech company in Bozeman or a hospitality venture in Missoula, Montana’s cost-effectiveness provides a competitive edge to small businesses, allowing them to reinvest and grow.

According to the U.S. Small Business Administration, as of 2021, there were approximately 120,000 small businesses operating in Montana, accounting for nearly 99% of all businesses in the state. These small businesses collectively employed over 242,000 people, highlighting the significant impact of entrepreneurship on the local economy. The state government actively supports small businesses through various incentive programs, grants, and tax credits, fostering a welcoming environment for startups to flourish.

Steps to Start a Business in Montana

  1. Get a Business Idea That’s a Good Fit For You
  2. Research the Idea and Draft a Business Plan
  3. Get Funding – Venture Capital, Angel Investors, Friends & Family, or Bootstrap It Yourself
  4. Decide on a Legal Business Entity – LLC’s Are Simplest and Offer the Most Protection
  5. Search the Montana Secretary of State for an Available Business Name
  6. Register Your LLC
  7. Find a Montana Registered Agent
  8. Get Your Federal EIN and Montana Tax ID
  9. Open a Business Bank Account and Business Credit Card
  10. Get the Needed Montana Licenses and Permits
  11. Choose a Location
  12. Get Business Insurance
  13. Develop an Internet Presence

Get A Business Idea (That’s a Good Fit For You)

Starting a business is an exciting venture, but finding the right business idea that aligns with your passion, skills, and the unique opportunities Montana offers can make all the difference in your entrepreneurial journey. To discover a business idea that’s a perfect fit for you in the Treasure State, it’s essential to explore the vast landscapes and diverse communities that define Montana’s identity.

small business ideas in montana

Montana’s breathtaking scenery and abundant natural resources can be a significant source of inspiration for your business idea. Whether you’re passionate about outdoor activities like hiking, fishing, or wildlife preservation, or you want to capitalize on the state’s booming tourism industry, let the beauty of Montana spark innovative concepts for your business.

Montana’s communities have their own distinct identities and needs. To find a business idea that resonates with locals, engage with the community, and understand their unique challenges and desires. Whether it’s a specialty coffee shop in a charming small town or a sustainable agriculture venture in vast rural areas, catering to the specific demands of Montanans will help your business thrive.

Montana has a strong entrepreneurial spirit and a supportive business ecosystem. Attend networking events, join entrepreneurial groups, and connect with seasoned business owners to learn from their experiences. Embracing this community-driven approach will not only help you refine your business idea but also connect you with like-minded individuals who can become valuable allies in your journey.

Montana has thriving industries such as agriculture, technology, tourism, and outdoor recreation. Consider how you can leverage the state’s existing strengths to develop a business idea that stands out. From farm-to-table ventures that highlight locally sourced produce to innovative tech solutions tailored to Montana’s specific needs, aligning your business idea with the state’s industries can set you on the path to success.

By combining your passions with Montana’s abundant opportunities, you can uncover a business idea that not only resonates with you but also addresses the needs of the Treasure State. Remember, starting a business is a journey, and with the right idea and a dash of Montana’s pioneering spirit, you’ll be well on your way to entrepreneurial success in this majestic state.

Fueling Your Business Venture: Securing Funding in Montana

Securing funding for your new business venture in Montana may seem like a challenging task, but the state offers several avenues to access financial support. One of the first places to explore is local venture capital firms. Montana boasts a growing venture capital ecosystem with firms like Next Frontier Capital and Frontier Angels, which actively invest in promising startups within the state. These firms often specialize in funding businesses in industries such as technology, agriculture, and healthcare. To increase your chances of securing investment from local venture capital firms, make sure to thoroughly research their investment criteria and tailor your pitch to align with their interests and portfolio.

montana business funding

Aside from venture capital firms, Montana provides access to various state resources designed to assist entrepreneurs in their funding efforts. The Montana Business Finance program, offered through the Montana Department of Commerce, offers loans and grants to eligible small businesses to help them start and expand.

Additionally, the Big Sky Economic Development Trust Fund and the Montana Economic Development Industry Advancement Program are valuable resources for entrepreneurs seeking financial assistance. These state-funded programs can provide grants and loans to support businesses that create jobs and contribute to the state’s economic growth. To take advantage of these resources, entrepreneurs should thoroughly review the eligibility requirements and application processes, ensuring they submit comprehensive and compelling proposals. By combining efforts and exploring local venture capital firms and state resources, entrepreneurs can increase their chances of securing the funding needed to turn their business vision into a reality in Montana.

Choosing the Right Business Structure for Your New Venture in Montana

When starting a new venture in Montana, one of the crucial decisions you’ll need to make is choosing the right business structure. Each business structure comes with its own set of advantages and disadvantages, impacting your personal liability, tax obligations, and overall management flexibility. Here are the primary business structures available for your new venture:

Sole Proprietorship

A sole proprietorship is the simplest and most common form of business structure. In this setup, you and your business are considered one entity, meaning you are personally liable for all debts and obligations. While it requires minimal paperwork and no formal registration, the downside is that your personal assets are at risk if the business faces legal issues or financial liabilities.


If you’re starting a business with one or more partners, a partnership might be a suitable structure. There are two main types: general partnership and limited partnership. In a general partnership, all partners share equal liability for the business’s debts. In a limited partnership, some partners have limited liability, but they typically have less control over the business. While partnerships allow for shared decision-making and resources, it’s important to have a legally binding partnership agreement to clarify roles, responsibilities, and profit-sharing.


A corporation is a separate legal entity from its owners, known as shareholders. This structure offers limited liability protection for shareholders, meaning their personal assets are generally shielded from the company’s debts and lawsuits. Corporations have more complex legal requirements and ongoing administrative responsibilities. Additionally, they are subject to double taxation – first at the corporate level and then at the individual level when shareholders receive dividends. Nonetheless, corporations are attractive to investors and can facilitate raising capital through stock offerings.

Limited Liability Company (LLC)

An LLC combines the limited liability protection of a corporation with the flexibility and simplicity of a partnership. In an LLC, the owners, known as members, are protected from personal liability, similar to shareholders in a corporation. At the same time, an LLC is not subject to the same formalities and paperwork as a corporation. In Montana, forming an LLC is relatively straightforward and cost-effective, making it an appealing choice for new ventures. Furthermore, an LLC offers the option for pass-through taxation, where the business’s income is only taxed at the individual level, avoiding double taxation.

While each business structure has its merits, forming an LLC often strikes a balance between liability protection, operational flexibility, and tax benefits. Ultimately, the best choice for your new venture will depend on your specific goals, financial situation, and future plans. It is essential to consult with a legal and financial advisor to make an informed decision that aligns with your business objectives in Montana.

Registering your Montana LLC

LLCs are the easiest business structure to start and also to maintain. With fewer headaches than any other business structure, you can simply form an LLC with six easy steps.

  1. Choose a Name For Your LLC
  2. Choose a Registered Agent
  3. File Your LLC With Your State
  4. Complete the State Publication Requirement
  5. Create an LLC Operating Agreement
  6. Receive an EIN

Naming Your Montana LLC

Choosing a compelling and unique name for your Montana LLC is an important step in establishing your brand identity and attracting customers. When selecting a name, consider factors such as relevance to your business, memorability, and legal compliance.

Start by selecting a unique and distinguishable name for your LLC. Ensure the name complies with Montana’s naming requirements and does not infringe on any existing trademarks. You can verify name availability on the Secretary of State’s website.

montana business name search
Click here to search the Montana Secretary of State to see if your business name is available

When conducting your LLC name search through the MSS’s database, it’s essential to search for both exact matches and variations of your desired name to minimize the risk of confusion. Additionally, consider including a unique element or keyword related to your business to make your LLC name stand out. Once you have determined an available name, it is recommended to reserve it promptly by filing the necessary formation documents with the MSS.

Choosing a Registered Agent in Montana

Choosing a registered agent is a critical decision when forming an LLC in Montana. A registered agent is a designated individual or entity responsible for receiving important legal and official documents on behalf of the LLC, such as tax notices and legal notices. When selecting a registered agent, it is crucial to choose a reliable and trustworthy party that will promptly handle and forward such documents to you. You can opt to act as your own registered agent or enlist the services of a professional registered agent service, which can offer expertise, privacy, and convenience. Examples of reputable registered agent services in Montana include:

  1. Northwest Registered Agent: Known for their reliable and efficient service, Northwest Registered Agent provides registered agent services in Montana and across the United States. They offer a secure online portal, excellent customer support, and a commitment to privacy and compliance.
  2. LegalZoom: As a well-known legal service provider, LegalZoom offers registered agent services in Montana. They have a user-friendly platform, competitive pricing, and a range of additional business formation services to support entrepreneurs.
  3. Incfile: Incfile is another popular choice for registered agent services in Montana. They provide affordable options, fast document processing, and a user-friendly platform with helpful resources for LLC formation and compliance.

Filing an LLC in Montana

Filing an LLC in Montana involves a straightforward process that can be completed through the Montana Secretary of State (MSS). OR, you can use a professional service and get it done for you.

To begin, you need to choose a unique and available name for your LLC and appoint a registered agent. Then, you’ll need to file the Articles of Organization with the MSS, providing essential details about your LLC, such as its name, purpose, registered agent, and management structure. There is a filing fee associated with the Articles of Organization.

Once your LLC is approved and registered by the MSS, it is important to fulfill any additional requirements, such as obtaining necessary licenses and permits, creating an operating agreement, and meeting ongoing compliance obligations. The MSS website provides comprehensive resources and forms to guide you through the LLC formation process, ensuring that you establish your business entity in compliance with Montana laws and regulations.

Creating an LLC Operating Agreement in Montana

While Montana law does not require an LLC operating agreement, having one in place is highly recommended. This document outlines the rights, responsibilities, and relationships among LLC members, and establishes rules for decision-making, profit distribution, and member withdrawals or additions.

It helps prevent disputes and provides clarity in operating procedures, ensuring smooth operations and protecting the interests of all members. When drafting an operating agreement, consider consulting with legal professionals to tailor it to your specific needs, address any unique circumstances, and ensure compliance with Montana laws.

Getting an EIN in Montana

An EIN is a unique nine-digit number assigned to businesses for tax purposes. Montana-based businesses can apply for an EIN online through the IRS website or by mail or fax using Form SS-4. The EIN is required for various purposes, including hiring employees, opening business bank accounts, and filing taxes.

When applying, be prepared to provide information about your business, such as its legal structure, the reason for applying, and the responsible party’s details. Obtaining an EIN is free of charge, and the online application process typically provides an instant EIN upon completion.

Set up Business Banking, Credit Cards, and Accounting in Montana

Opening a Business Bank Account

Opening a dedicated business bank account is a fundamental step in managing your business finances effectively. By separating your personal and business funds, you ensure accurate bookkeeping and streamline financial transactions.

To open a business bank account, start by researching different banks and credit unions in Montana to find one that suits your business needs. Prepare the necessary documentation, such as your business formation documents, EIN, and identification proofs. Visit the bank branch or complete an online application, providing the required information.

Once your account is open, you can deposit business income, pay bills, and easily track your business expenses, improving financial organization and simplifying tax reporting.

Getting a Business Credit Card

Obtaining a business credit card offers several advantages for your Montana-based business. It allows for separate tracking of business expenses, helps build a credit history for your company, and provides a convenient means of making purchases.

Start by researching credit card options specifically designed for businesses, comparing features, rewards programs, and interest rates. Submit an application, providing the necessary business and personal information. The issuer may evaluate your creditworthiness and may require a personal guarantee, especially for new businesses. Once approved, use your business credit card responsibly, making timely payments and keeping track of expenses.

By utilizing a business credit card, you can better manage cash flow, earn rewards, and establish a credit profile that may be beneficial for future financing needs.

Setting up Business Accounting

Proper business accounting is essential for tracking income, expenses, and overall financial health. Establishing a system to manage your business’s financial records helps ensure compliance with tax regulations and provides valuable insights into your company’s performance.

Consider using accounting software or hiring an accountant to help set up your business accounting system. Track revenue and expenses, reconcile bank statements, and categorize transactions accurately. Keep all relevant documents and receipts organized for easy reference during tax season. Regularly review your financial statements, such as profit and loss statements and balance sheets, to gain a comprehensive understanding of your business’s financial standing.

By maintaining accurate and up-to-date accounting records, you can make informed business decisions, identify areas for improvement, and demonstrate financial stability to potential investors or lenders.

Get Business Insurance

Getting business insurance is a critical step in protecting your Montana-based business from potential risks and liabilities. Business insurance provides coverage for various scenarios, including property damage, liability claims, and business interruption.

To secure the right insurance coverage, begin by assessing your business’s specific needs and potential risks. Research insurance providers in Montana that specialize in business insurance and compare policies, coverage options, and premiums. Consult with an insurance agent or broker who can help tailor a policy to your business’s unique requirements.

By obtaining appropriate business insurance, you can safeguard your assets, mitigate financial risks, and have peace of mind as you navigate the entrepreneurial landscape in Montana.

Get Necessary Permits and Licenses

The specific licenses and permits required depend on the nature of your business and its location. To ensure compliance with state and local regulations, research the licenses and permits relevant to your industry and operations.

The Montana Department of Revenue and the Montana Secretary of State’s Office are valuable resources for identifying the required licenses and permits. Contact the appropriate government agencies or visit their websites to understand the application process and any associated fees.

By securing the necessary licenses and permits, you can operate your business legally, avoid potential penalties, and build a solid foundation for success in the vibrant business environment of Montana.

Hire Employees

When growing your new business in Montana, hiring employees can be a significant milestone. Before bringing on staff, it’s important to understand the legal obligations and requirements involved.

Familiarize yourself with federal and state labor laws, including minimum wage and employment eligibility verification. Craft comprehensive job descriptions, create an effective recruitment strategy, and establish fair employment practices. When hiring, consider conducting background checks, completing necessary paperwork such as Form I-9 and Form W-4, and enrolling in workers’ compensation insurance.

By adhering to proper hiring procedures and staying compliant with employment regulations, you can build a talented and legally compliant workforce for your Montana business.

Build Your Web Presence

Building a strong web presence is crucial for your new business in Montana to reach a wider audience and attract customers.

Start by creating a professional website that reflects your brand and showcases your products or services. Optimize your website for search engines using relevant keywords and quality content. Leverage social media platforms to engage with your target audience and build a community around your brand. Claim your business listings on online directories and review sites to enhance visibility. Consider investing in online advertising to drive targeted traffic to your website. Regularly update your web presence with fresh content and respond to customer inquiries promptly.

By establishing a robust online presence, you can establish credibility, expand your reach, and effectively market your business to the digital-savvy consumers of Montana and beyond.

Promote and Market Your Business

Promoting and marketing your new business in Montana is essential for creating awareness, attracting customers, and establishing a strong foothold in the market. By utilizing various marketing channels and strategies, you can effectively reach your target audience and drive business growth. Here are some key areas to focus on:

Press Releases

Crafting and distributing press releases can help generate media coverage and increase brand visibility for your Montana business. Develop newsworthy stories about your company, such as product launches, milestones, or community involvement, and send them to local newspapers, industry-specific publications, and online news platforms. A well-written press release can create buzz and generate valuable publicity, driving traffic to your website and enhancing your business’s reputation.


Facebook is a powerful social media platform for promoting your Montana business. Create a business page and engage with your audience by sharing informative and engaging content, including updates, offers, and behind-the-scenes glimpses. Utilize Facebook’s advertising tools to target specific demographics and locations in Montana, maximizing the reach of your marketing efforts. Encourage customer reviews and testimonials to build trust and credibility, and actively participate in relevant Facebook groups and communities to expand your network and reach new potential customers.


Utilizing video marketing through YouTube can be a highly effective way to showcase your products or services and engage with your audience. Create informative and engaging videos that highlight the unique aspects of your Montana business. These could include tutorials, product demonstrations, or behind-the-scenes footage. Optimize your videos for search engines by using relevant keywords in titles, descriptions, and tags. Engage with your audience through comments and encourage them to subscribe to your channel, building a loyal community around your brand.

Google My Business

Claiming and optimizing your Google My Business (GMB) listing is crucial for local visibility and attracting customers in Montana. Complete your profile with accurate and up-to-date information, including business hours, contact details, and website links. Encourage customers to leave reviews on your GMB listing, as positive reviews can enhance your online reputation and improve your local search rankings. Regularly post updates, events, and special offers on your GMB profile to keep it fresh and engaging. Utilize GMB’s Insights to gain valuable data on how customers are finding and interacting with your business.

In addition to these channels, consider other digital marketing strategies such as search engine optimization (SEO), email marketing, and paid online advertising. Tailor your marketing approach to your target audience, measure the effectiveness of your campaigns through analytics, and continually refine your strategies to maximize results. By implementing a comprehensive and strategic marketing plan, you can effectively promote your Montana business, attract customers, and achieve long-term success.